Codex Sinaiticus (Septuagint)

The Bible Book of Genesis – Geology, Archaeology, and Theology – Part 7

The History of Noah (Genesis 5:3 – Genesis 6:9a)

Noah’s ancestry from Adam (Genesis 5:3 – Genesis 5:32)

The contents of this history of Noah includes tracing from Adam down to Noah, the birth of his three sons, and the development of wickedness in the pre-flood world.

Genesis 5:25-27 gives the history of Methuselah. In total, he lived 969 years the longest of any lifespan given in the Bible. From calculating the years from birth to birth (of Lamech, Noah, and age of Noah when the flood came) it would indicate that Methuselah died in the same year as the flood came. Whether he died in the flood or earlier in the year before the start of the Flood we have no evidence either way.

It should be noted here that the Masoretic text on which most translations are based differs from the Greek Septuagint (LXX) and the Samaritan Pentateuch. There are differences in the ages when they first became a father and differences in the years until their deaths after fathering their first son. However, the age at death is the same for all 8 in nearly every case. The differences are for Lamech in both LXX and SP and Methuselah for the SP. (These articles use the data from the NWT (Reference) Bible of 1984 Revision, based on the Masoretic text.)

Is the Masoretic text or the LXX text more likely to be corrupted with regard to the text and the ages of the Ante-Diluvian Patriarchs? Logic would suggest that it would be the LXX. The LXX initially would have had an extremely limited distribution in its early days, (mainly Alexandria), around the mid-3rd Century BCE c.250BCE, whereas at that time the Hebrew text which later became the Masoretic text was distributed widely in the Jewish world. It would therefore be much more difficult to introduce errors to the Hebrew Text.

The Codex Sinaiticus and Codex Vaticanus are Septuagint texts (both 4th century) as opposed to Masoretic Text. The Aleppo Codex is a Masoretic Text (from the 10th Century).

The lifespans given in both LXX and Masoretic texts are much longer than we are used to today as are the years at which they became fathers. Typically, the LXX adds 100 years to these years and reduces the years after becoming a father by 100 years. However, does that mean that the age of deaths which are in hundreds of years are wrong, and is there any extra-biblical evidence of the lineage from Adam to Noah?

Patriarch

Reference

Masoretic

(MT)

LXX

LXX

Lifespan

  

First Son

Till Death

First Son

Till Death

 

Adam

Genesis 5:3-5

130

800

230

700

930

Seth

Genesis 5:6-8

105

807

205

707

912

Enosh

Genesis 5:9-11

90

815

190

715

905

Kenan

Genesis 5:12-14

70

840

170

740

910

Mahalalel

Genesis 5:15-17

65

830

165

730

895

Jared

Genesis 5:18-20

162

800

162

800

962

Enoch

Genesis 5:21-23

65

300

165

200

365

Methuselah

Genesis 5:25-27

187

782

187

782

969

Lamech

Genesis 5:25-27

182

595

188

565

777 (L 753)

Noah

Genesis 5:32

500

100 + 350

500

100 + 350

600 to Flood

It appears there are some traces of longevity in ancient times in other civilizations. The New Unger’s Bible Handbook states that “According to the Weld-Blundell Prism, eight antediluvian kings reigned over the lower Mesopotamian cities of Eridu, Badtibira, Larak, Sippar and Shuruppak; and the period of their combined rule totaled 241,200 years (the shortest reign being 18,600 years, the longest 43,200). Berossus, a Babylonian priest (3rd century B.C.), lists ten names in all (instead of eight) and further exaggerates the length of their reigns. Other nations too have traditions of primeval longevity.”[1] [2]

The World becomes more wicked (Genesis 6:1-8)

Genesis 6:1-9 records how the spirit sons of the true God began to notice the daughters of men and took many wives for themselves. (Genesis 6:2 in the LXX has “angels” instead of “sons”.) This resulted in the birth of hybrids, called Nephilim, which is Hebrew for “the fellers”, or “those who cause others to fall down” based on its root “naphal”, meaning “to fall”. Strong’s concordance translates it as “giants”.

It was at this time the Bible says that God decided to limit the lifespan of man to 120 years (Genesis 6:3). It is interesting to note that despite the advances of modern medicine in increasing the average life expectancy, those individuals living beyond 100 years are still very few. According to the Guinness Book of World Records, “The oldest person to ever live and the oldest person ever (female) was Jeanne Louise Calment (b. 21 February 1875) from Arles, France who died at the age of 122 years and 164 days old.”[3]. The oldest living person is Kane Tanaka (Japan, b. 2 January 1903) is the oldest person living currently and the oldest person living (female) at the ripe age of 117 years and 41 days (verified on 12 February 2020)”.[4] This would seem to verify that the practical limit of life in years for humans is 120 years, in accord with Genesis 6:3 written at least 3,500 years ago by Moses, and had compiled from historical records handed down to him from the time of Noah.

The badness that became rampant caused God to pronounce that he would wipe that wicked generation off the face of the earth, with the exception of Noah who found favor in the eyes of God (Genesis 6:8).

Genesis 6:9a – Colophon, “toledot”, Family History[5]

The Colophon of Genesis 6:9 simply states, “This is the History of Noah” and constitutes the third such section of Genesis. It omits when it was written.

The Writer or Owner: “of Noah”. The owner or writer of this section was Noah.

The description: “This is the history”.

When: Omitted.


References

  1. https://www.pdfdrive.com/the-new-ungers-bible-handbook-d194692723.html
  2. https://oi.uchicago.edu/sites/oi.uchicago.edu/files/uploads/shared/docs/as11.pdf pdf page 81, book page 65

  3. https://www.guinnessworldrecords.com/news/2020/10/the-worlds-oldest-people-and-their-secrets-to-a-long-life-632895

  4. There have been claims by some of being in their 130’s +, but these obviously were not possible to verify.

  5. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colophon_(publishing) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jerusalem_Colophon

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